Week 8 Research Proposal

Running head: POSTPARTUM ANXIETY AND DEPRESSION 0

Annotated Bibliography- Postpartum Anxiety and Depression

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Ryan Ogden

SSGS300 AMU

11/21/2020

Xiao, X., Ngai, F. W., Zhu, S. N., & Loke, A. Y. (2020). The experiences of early postpartum Shenzhen mothers and their need for home visit services: a qualitative exploratory study. BMC pregnancy and childbirth, 20(1), 5. doi: 10.1186/s12884-019-2686-8

In the article, the authors illuminate the diverse challenges new mothers face during the childbearing period. Xiao, Fei-wan, She-ning Zhu, and Alice ascertain that postpartum depression affects women varyingly; hence individuals may illuminate various signs. Assuming new responsibilities and roles is one hectic process that may psychologically affect guardians. However, new mothers tend to experience postpartum depression at an early age compared to their male counterparts (Xiao et al., 2020). Thus, husbands need to offer the relevant support to their partners to enhance a proper transition to motherhood. Besides, medics should strive to provide ideal postnatal services to new mothers as they are most affected.

Depression Among Women | Depression | Reproductive Health | CDC. Cdc.gov. (2020). Retrieved 19 November 2020, from https://www.cdc.gov/reproductivehealth/depression/index.htm#Postpartum.

Experts from the Centre for Disease Control and Prevention emphasize the need to seek early treatment, thus preventing individuals from succumbing to other illnesses related to postpartum depression. Similarly, stakeholders within the health industry stress the importance of differentiating between postpartum depression and baby blues. Through this editorial, individuals will realize that while baby blues symptoms may resolve within few days, postpartum signs may last longer (“Depression Among Women | Depression | Reproductive Health | CDC,” 2020). Similarly, the article sheds light on the various risk factors associated with postpartum depression among women. Birth complications, prior depression history, stressful live happenings, and teenage pregnancies are the major risk factors aligned with postpartum depression.

Smith‐Nielsen, J., Tharner, A., Krogh, M. T., & Vaever, M. S. (2016). Effects of maternal postpartum depression in a well‐resourced sample: Early concurrent and long‐term effects on infant cognitive, language, and motor development. Scandinavian journal of psychology, 57(6), 571-583. doi: 10.1111/sjop.12321

Smith-Nielsen, Anne, Marianne, and Mette’s article provides precise data on the detection and prevention of postpartum depression. Individuals suffering from depression tend to face challenges during the development and growth of their children. The authors illuminate that women, more so new mothers, are prone to such ailments at a relatively young age. The condition tends to worsen, considering that it may remain undiagnosed in the early phases. In several countries, experts capitalize on screening to detect any likelihood of the ailment in new mothers (Smith‐Nielsen et al., 2016). However, with the current economic conditions, such practices have been impeded since not all victims can afford the services.

Mutua, J., Kigamwa, P., Tele, A., & Kumar, M. (2020). Comorbid Postpartum Anxiety and Depression and Associated Factors in Mothers with Pre-Term Births: A Descriptive Comparative Study doi: 0000-0002-9773-8014

Joyce, Kumar, Pauline, Albert, and Pius’s editorial draws a sharp focus on the rate at which postpartum depression affects women across the domain. Their survey illustrates the probable effects children are likely to experience as a result of the illness. Premature birth has been denoted as the primary cause of postpartum depression. Pre-term birth creates destabilization among young mothers as they were not fully prepared to face reality (Mutua et al., 2020). In most instances, most new mothers are ever worried about the infants’ survival; thus, continuous thoughts lead to the development of depression.

Selvam, G., Balasubramanian, J., & Chanu, S. (2020). Frequency of postpartum depression among primi mothers undergoing delivery in JIPMER using Edinburgh postnatal depression scale. The New Indian Journal Of OBGYN, 6(2), 106-112. doi: 10.21276/obgyn.2020.6.2.9

Selvam, Balasubramanian, and Chanu’s articles provide a reliable analysis of critical issues cutting across the postpartum depression. Statistical data reveals that mothers’ high expectations after giving birth are the major cause of postpartum depression. Failure to meet these expectations triggers feelings of incompetency towards child development (Selvam, Balasubramanian & Chanu, 2020). However, health experts detect the illness early, hence preventing the spread of the ailment into severe stages. Therefore, stakeholders advocate for proper education amidst new mothers to ensure that their support systems detect early signs of postpartum depression.

References

Depression Among Women | Depression | Reproductive Health | CDC. Cdc.gov. (2020). Retrieved 19 November 2020, from https://www.cdc.gov/reproductivehealth/depression/index.htm#Postpartum.

Xiao, X., Ngai, F. W., Zhu, S. N., & Loke, A. Y. (2020). The experiences of early postpartum Shenzhen mothers and their need for home visit services: a qualitative exploratory study. BMC pregnancy and childbirth, 20(1), 5.

https://doi.org/10.1186/s12884-019-2686-8

Mutua, J., Kigamwa, P., Tele, A., & Kumar, M. (2020). Comorbid Postpartum Anxiety and Depression and Associated Factors in Mothers with Pre-Term Births: A Descriptive Comparative Study.

https://doi.org/0000-0002-9773-8014

Selvam, G., Balasubramanian, J., & Chanu, S. (2020). Frequency of postpartum depression among primi mothers undergoing delivery in JIPMER using Edinburgh postnatal depression scale. The New Indian Journal Of OBGYN, 6(2), 106-112. https://doi.org/10.21276/obgyn.2020.6.2.9

Smith‐Nielsen, J., Tharner, A., Krogh, M. T., & Vaever, M. S. (2016). Effects of maternal postpartum depression in a well‐resourced sample: Early concurrent and long‐term effects on infant cognitive, language, and motor development. Scandinavian journal of psychology, 57(6), 571-583.

https://doi.org/10.1111/sjop.12321

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