Unmaking Decisions – SLP

Write a paper describing a decision that you made, and later had to change, that was affected by one or more of the following:• Conservatism• Confirmation bias• Sunk-cost effectProceed as follows:• Introduce the assignment. “In this essay, I will discuss three decision biases, and how one or more of them affected the process of changing a personal decision.” That’s all that’s needed.• Define the biases.• Describe the original decision; what was involved? How important was it? Why?• Why did the decision have to be changed?• How did one or more of the biases listed above affect the change process?• If you had to do it over again, what steps would you take, either to prevent the biases, or to minimize their effects?SLP Assignment ExpectationsGeneral Expectations:• Demonstrate your detailed understanding of the material presented on the module Home page, and in the Background readings.• Avoid general arguments. Explain, in detail, how the module materials relate to the situation under discussion.• Strive for a clear, scholarly style. It is suggested you read your work out loud, slowly. If something sounds awkward or confusing, then it needs revision.• Follow the Student Guide to Writing a High-Quality Academic Paper with respect to citations, references, and other formatting matters. References:Cherry, K. (2017a). What is confirmation bias? Retrieved on 28 February 2018 from https://www.verywell.com/what-is-a-confirmation-bias-2795024 Cherry, K. (2017b). What is cognitive dissonance? Retrieved on 28 February 2018 from https://www.verywell.com/what-is-cognitive-dissonance-2795012 Cook, J., & Lewandowsky, S. (2011). The Debunking Handbook. St. Lucia, Australia: University of Queensland. November 5. ISBN 978-0-646-56812-6. [http://sks.to/debunk] Retrieved on 28 February 2018Dutton, K. (2011). Split-second persuasion: The ancient art and new science of changing minds. New York: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. Retrieved on 28 February 2018Dyna (2014). Conservatism bias: How to know what new information to focus on (Dynamic Hedge). Retrieved on 28 February 2018 from http://www.dynamichedge.com/2014/11/20/conservatism-bias-how-to-know-what-new-information-to-focus-on/ Effectiviology (2017). The backfire effect: Why facts don’t always change minds. Retrieved on 28 February 2018 from https://effectiviology.com/backfire-effect-facts-dont-change-minds/ Heshman, S. (2015). What is confirmation bias? (Psychology Today) Retrieved on 28 February 2018 from https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/science-choice/201504/what-is-confirmation-bias iResearch (2017h). Sunk cost. Retrieved on 28 February 2018 from http://psychology.iresearchnet.com/social-psychology/decision-making/sunk-cost/ iResearch (2017i). Cognitive dissonance. Retrieved on 28 February 2018 from http://psychology.iresearchnet.com/developmental-psychology/cognitive-development/cognitive-dissonance-2/ James, G. (2017). How to change people’s minds. Attacking beliefs with facts never works. Instead, direct those beliefs to a different conclusion. (Inc. blog) Retrieved on 28 February 2018 from https://www.inc.com/geoffrey-james/how-to-change-peoples-minds.html Leahy, R. (2014). Letting go of sunk costs. (Psychology Today). Retrieved on 28 February 2018 from https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/anxiety-files/201409/letting-go-sunk-costs McRaney, D. (2011). The backfire effect. Retrieved on 28 February 2018 from https://youarenotsosmart.com/2011/06/10/the-backfire-effect/

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