The Multi-Faced Sunni Insurgency:

I will pay for the following article The Multi-Faced Sunni Insurgency: A Personal Reflection. The work is to be 5 pages with three to five sources, with in-text citations and a reference page. Other caliphs who succeeded the four until the fall of the Ottoman Empire are also seen as legitimate occupiers of the portfolio. Being the majority population, the Sunni makes up for 85% of Muslims, around the world. The Shi’a on the other hand has other subdivisions within it. The main groups that exist under the Shi’a umbrella are Isma’iliyyah (the Seveners), Zaydiyyah (Fivers), and the Imamiyyah (Twelvers). The Shi’a strictly believes that only the heirs of the fourth caliph Ali are Muhammad’s legitimate successors. Shi’a populations can be found in Iran, Iraq, Bahrain, Syria, Yemen, and Lebanon.

The Shi’a calls the successors of Ali, the Imam. This group rejects the notion that the Imam is to be solely a political leader, but hold that the Imam is also a literal manifestation of God. The Imam is also held as being infallible, sinless, and true illuminators. For this, the Shi’a refers to the Imam as the museum, meaning that the Imam is free from sin or error. It is against this backdrop that the Shi’a venerates Imams as saints. Shi’a Muslims also perform pilgrimage to Imams’ shrines and tombs as a way of invoking divine intervention1.

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On the converse, Sunni Muslims repudiate the standpoint above, charging that there is no ground for having a hereditary privileged class of religious leaders. Because of this standpoint, it follows logically that there is no basis for seeking intercession from saints, or venerating the saints. Sunni Muslims and scholars contend that leadership of the ummah cannot be taken as a birthright, but a value or privilege that is earned.

The crux of the matter above is the issue of lineage. Whereas the Shi’a believes that leadership should be based on Muhammad’s lineage, the Sunni maintains a contrary opinion. The reason why the Shi’a emphasizes the validity of Ali bin Abu Talib’s leadership is that Ali was Muhammad’s cousin and son-in-law. Thus, whereas the Shi’a recognizes the leadership of Imams whom they deem as having been appointed by Muhammad or Allah himself, the Sunni recognizes the sanctity of elected leadership. Actually, the word Shi’a has its origin in the phrase Shi’a-t-Ali, meaning the party of Ali. This group was also known as the people of Muhammad’s household.

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