# The following are the results of SPSS OUTPUT from research data on leadership talent among student leaders at Universiti Gemilang. Perform the analysis based on the following guidelines

- Who is the population in this study?
- How many samples are involved?
__EXAM____1__

SCHEDULE 1

Descriptive Statistics | |||

Mean | Std. Deviation | ||

Attitude of Tolerance | 69.3725 | 9.76425 | 153 |

Self-Confidence | 25.5033 | 6.90073 | 153 |

SCHEDULE 2

Correlations | ||||

Attitude of Tolerance | Self-Confidence | |||

Attitude of Tolerance | Pearson Correlation | .844** | ||

Sig. (2-tailed) | .000 | |||

153 | 153 | |||

Self-Confidence | Pearson Correlation | .844** | 1 | |

Sig. (2-tailed) | .000 | |||

153 | 153 | |||

**. Correlation is significant at the 0.01 level (2-tailed). |

- Name the statistical inference test used in SCHEDULE 1 and 2?

- List the variables used and state the scale of measurement used for the variables listed.

Variable 1:

Variable 2:

Measurement scale of variable 1:

Measurement scale of variable 2:

- Construct null hypotheses and choice/alternative hypotheses

Hipotesis nol (H0):

Hipotesis pilihan (H1):

- Explain about descriptive statistical analysis data?
- Write down the decision of statistical inference analysis?
- Draw conclusions from inference statistical analysis decisions and state whether the null hypothesis may be rejected or fail to be rejected?

JADUAL 3

Correlations

Level OfEducation | Overall JobSatisfaction | ||

Spearman’s rho Level Of | Correlation Coefficient | 1.000 | .514** |

Education | Sig. (2-tailed) | . | .000 |

153 | 153 | ||

Overall Job | Correlation Coefficient | .514** | 1.000 |

Satisfaction | Sig. (2-tailed) | .000 | . |

153 | 153 |

**. Correlation is significant at the 0.01 level (2-tailed).

- Name the statistical inference test used in TABLE 3?
- List the variables used and state the measurement scale used for the variables listed.

Variable 1:

Variable 2:

Measurement scale of variable 1:

Measurement scale of variable 2:

- Construct the null hypothesis and the choice/alternative hypothesis?

Hypothesis zero:

Selected hypotheses:

- Write the results of inferential statistical analysis?
- Draw conclusions from the results of inferential statistical analysis and state whether the null hypothesis can be rejected or fail to be rejected?

__EXZAM 3__

SCHEDULE 4

Model | R Square | Adjusted R Square | Std. Error of the Es- timate | |

.844a | .713 | .711 | 5.24946 |

b. Predictors: (Constant), Self-ConfidenceSCHEDULE 5

ANOVAa

Model | Sum of Squares | df | Mean Square | F | Sig. |

1 Regression | 10330.681 | 1 | 10330.681 | 374.886 | .000b |

Residual | 4161.084 | 151 | 27.557 | ||

Total | 14491.765 | 152 |

- Dependent Variable: Attitude of Tolerance
- Predictors: (Constant), Self-Confidence

SCHEDULE 6

Coefficientsa | ||||||

UnstandardizedCoefficients | Standardized Coefficients | |||||

Model | Std. Error | Beta | t | Sig. | ||

(Constant) | 38.905 | 1.630 | 23.870 | .000 | ||

Self-Confidence | 1.195 | .062 | .844 | 19.362 | .000 | |

a. Dependent Variable: Attitude of Tolerance |

- Name the statistical inference test used in SCHEDULE 4, 5 and 6?
- List the variables used and state the scale of measurement used for the variables listed ?

Dependent variable:

Independent variable:

Dependent variable measurement scale:

Independent variable measurement scale:

- Construct null hypotheses and choice/alternative hypotheses.

The null hypothesis (H0):

Choice hypothesis (H1):

- Write the resulting equation from TABLE 6?
- Write the results of inferential statistical analysis?
- Draw conclusions from the results of the inferential statistical analysis and state whether the null hypothesis can be rejected or fail to be rejected?

SCHEDULE 7

GroupStatistics | |||||

Residence | Mean | Std. Deviation | Std. Error Mean | ||

Self-Confidence | Rural | 70 | 20.4429 | 5.60961 | .67048 |

Urban | 83 | 29.7711 | 4.63635 | .50891 |

SCHEDULE8

Independent Samples Test | ||||||||

Levene’s Testfor Equality of Variances | t-test for Equality of Means | |||||||

Sig. | df | Sig. (2-tailed) | Mean Difference | Std. Error Difference | ||||

Self- Confi- dence | Equal variancesassumed | 1.425 | .234 | -11.262 | 151 | .000 | -9.32823 | .82829 |

Equal variances not assumed | -11.082 | 133.985 | .000 | -9.32823 | .84174 |

- Name the statistical inference test used in TABLES 7 and 8?
- List the variables used and state the measurement scale used for the variables listed.

Dependent variable:

Independent variable:

Dependent variable measurement scale:

Independent variable measurement scale:

- Construct the null hypothesis and the choice/alternative hypothesis.

Hypothesis zero (H0):

Selected hypothesis (H1):

- Explain about descriptive statistical analysis data?
- Write down the decision of statistical inference analysis?
- Draw conclusions from inference statistical analysis decisions and state whether the null hypothesis may be rejected or fail to be rejected?

SCHEDULE 9

Paired SamplesStatistics | |||||

Mean | Std. Deviation | Std. ErrorMean | |||

Pair 1 | Self-Confidence before cop- ing skill training | 25.5033 | 153 | 6.90073 | .55789 |

Self-Confidence after coping skill training | 29.9608 | 153 | 6.11500 | .49437 |

SCHEDULE10

Paired SamplesCorrelations | ||||

N | Correlation | Sig. | ||

Pair 1 | Self-Confidence before coping skill training &Self-Confidence after copingskill training | 153 | .902 | .000 |

SCHEADUL11

Paired Samples Test

Paired Differences

95% Confidence In- terval of the Differ-

Mean

Std. De- viation

Std. Error Mean

ence Lower Upper

t df

Sig. (2-

tailed)

Pair 1

Self-Confidence before coping skill training

Self-Confidence after coping skill

Training-4.45752 2.98017 .24093 -4.93352 -3.98151 -18.501 152 .000

- Name the inferential statistical tests used in TABLES 9, 10 and 11.?
- List the variables used and state the measurement scale used for the variables listed.

Variable 1:

Variable 2:

Measurement scale of variable 1:

Measurement scale of variable 2:

- Construct the null hypothesis and the choice/alternative hypothesis.

Hypothesis zero (H0):

Selected hypothesis (H1):

- Explain about descriptive statistical analysis data.?
- Write the results of inferential statistical analysis.
- Draw conclusions from the results of inferential statistical analysis and state whether the null hypothesis can be rejected or fail to be rejected.

SCHEDUL 12

Descriptives | ||||||||

Attitude of Tolerance | ||||||||

95% Confidence Intervalfor Mean | ||||||||

Leadership Style | Mean | Std. Devia-tion | Std. Error | LowerBound | UpperBound | Mini-mum | Maxi-mum | |

Authoritative | 30 | 66.5333 | 9.50039 | 1.73453 | 62.9858 | 70.0808 | 53.00 | 87.00 |

Affiliative | 37 | 64.9189 | 8.67749 | 1.42657 | 62.0257 | 67.8121 | 53.00 | 82.00 |

Democratic | 45 | 72.9111 | 7.78350 | 1.16030 | 70.5727 | 75.2495 | 58.00 | 89.00 |

Coaching | 41 | 71.5854 | 10.90636 | 1.70329 | 68.1429 | 75.0278 | 50.00 | 88.00 |

Total | 153 | 69.3725 | 9.76425 | .78939 | 67.8130 | 70.9321 | 50.00 | 89.00 |

SCHEDUL13

ANOVA | |||||

Attitude of Tolerance | |||||

Sum of Squares | df | Mean Square | Sig. | ||

Between Groups | 1739.946 | 3 | 579.982 | 6.777 | .000 |

Within Groups | 12751.819 | 149 | 85.583 | ||

Total | 14491.765 | 152 |

- Name the inferential statistical tests used in TABLES 12 and 13.?
- List the variables used and state the measurement scale used for the variables listed.

Dependent variable:

Independent variable:

Dependent variable measurement scale:

Independent variable measurement scale:

- Construct the null hypothesis and the choice/alternative hypothesis.

Hypothesis zero (H0):

Selected hypothesis (H1):

- Explain about descriptive statistical analysis data.?
- Write the results of inferential statistical analysis?
- Draw conclusions from the results of inferential statistical analysis and state whether the null hypothesis can be rejected or fail to be rejected?

SCHEDULE 14

Leadership Style * Residence Crosstabulation | |||||

Residence | |||||

Rural | Urban | Total | |||

Leadership Style | Authoritative | Count | 15 | 15 | 30 |

Expected Count | 13.7 | 16.3 | 30.0 | ||

% of Total | 9.8% | 9.8% | 19.6% | ||

Affiliative | Count | 25 | 12 | 37 | |

Expected Count | 16.9 | 20.1 | 37.0 | ||

% of Total | 16.3% | 7.8% | 24.2% | ||

Democratic | Count | 16 | 29 | 45 | |

Expected Count | 20.6 | 24.4 | 45.0 | ||

% of Total | 10.5% | 19.0% | 29.4% | ||

Coaching | Count | 14 | 27 | 41 | |

Expected Count | 18.8 | 22.2 | 41.0 | ||

% of Total | 9.2% | 17.6% | 26.8% | ||

Total | Count | 70 | 83 | 153 | |

Expected Count | 70.0 | 83.0 | 153.0 | ||

% of Total | 45.8% | 54.2% | 100.0% |

SCHEDULE15

Chi-Square Tests | |||

Value | df | Asymptotic Signifi-cance (2-sided) | |

Pearson Chi-Square | 11.423a | .010 | |

Likelihood Ratio | 11.564 | .009 | |

Linear-by-Linear Association | 5.334 | .021 | |

N of Valid Cases | 153 | ||

a. 0 cells (0.0%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is 13.73. |

SCHEADULE16

Symmetric Measures | |||

Value | Approximate Significance | ||

Nominal by Nominal | Phi | .273 | .010 |

Cramer’s V | .273 | .010 | |

Contingency Coefficient | .264 | .010 | |

N of Valid Cases | 153 |

- Name the inferential statistical tests used in TABLES 14, 15 and 16.?
- List the variables used and state the measurement scale used for the variables listed.?

Variable 1:

Variable 2:

Measurement scale of variable 1:

Measurement scale of variable 2:

- Construct the null hypothesis and the choice/alternative hypothesis.?

Hypothesis zero (H0):

Selected hypothesis (H1):

- Explain about descriptive statistical analysis data.?
- Write the results of inferential statistical analysis.?
- Draw conclusions from the results of inferential statistical analysis and state whether the null hypothesis can be rejected or fail to be rejected?