â€¢ How often should firms undergo reorganization? â€¢ Should a unit be reorganized whenever its leadership changes? â€¢ Should there be regular reorganizations every few years? â€¢ Or should major restructurings be less frequent? â€¢ Some management experts have suggested that frequent reorganizations are akin to the overuse of antibiotics by doctors. In the short run such use may help the patient although the long-term effects of such treatment can be self-defeating or even harmful. When do the costs of reorganization become excessive?