Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are not hereditary therefore there are not any genetic
predispositions associated with this disease. However, some sexually transmitted infections (STIs) can be
passed from a pregnant woman to the baby before and during the baby’s birth. For example, syphilis
crosses the placenta and infects the baby in the womb. Additionally, gonorrhea, chlamydia, and genital
herpes can pass from the mother to the baby as the baby passes through the birth canal (Long, 2019).
An ex ample of an STD that can be passed on both ways is HIV which can cross the placenta during
pregnancy and also infect the baby during delivery. Furthermore, some STIs affect breastfeeding and
some do not. If a mother has chlamydia, or gonorrhea, it is safe to breastfeed her child. Conversely, if
the mother has HIV, the mother is advised not to breastfeed since the virus can be passed to the baby.
In this case, it is recommended to use breastmilk substitutes like formula instead.
There are not any culturally sensitive interventions to avoid sexually transmitted diseases in young
adults. An individual’s race, culture, or gender does not play any role in avoiding this disease. According
to the Center of Disease Control and Prevention, STDs can be preventable by practicing abstinence,
using condoms, having fewer partners, talking with your partner about staying safe before having sex,
and getting tested.