There has been scientific evidence from long ago in history that psychiatric disorders tend to
run in families leaving some individuals predisposed to these illnesses. Specifically, Autism,
Major Depressive Disorder, Bipolar Disorder, Attention Defic it Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD),
and Schizophrenic Disorder. These disorders have long been linked with shared genetic risk
factors. Scientist have also discovered illness -linked variation for each of these disorders in
certain regions of chromosomes 3 a nd 10. This information can assist in better understanding the
factors that cause these major mental issues (Harrison & Bryant, 2013).
Mental illness is associated with low education, higher unemployment, and poorer health, as
I have stated throu ghout my practicum. The shift in care for the mentally ill in recent years has
gone from institutionalization in acute care settings to a more community -based setting.
Therefore, primary intervention needs to focus on mental health care and service deliv ery in a
nonacute care setting. This poses a challenge because of the inadequate number of mental health
providers (Harrison & Bryant, 2013).
Primary interventions that focus on decreasing social determinants like unsafe neighborhoods,
racism, uns afe housing, and violence can attribute vastly to the reduction of dire consequences of
mental health in the communities. The increased risk of mental illness is associated with
poverty, poor education, and unemployment. Studies have shown that these det erminants are
associated with higher incidences of psychological distress among poorer communities (Harrison
& Bryant, 2013). Primary care providers can promote well -being of impoverished families by
providing quality health care and resources that will i mprove the social and economic conditions
of their living environments. Primary intervention should also be concentrated on reducing
exposure to stress and violence. Interventions that address and reduce oppressive societal
structures, changes attitudes t hat contribute to oppression and enhance individual, family, and
community strengths that empower persons to resist oppression and demonstrate meaningful
ways for advancing social justice. (Harrison & Bryant, 2013).
Primary prevention that is commun ity -based has considerable promise when they address
multiple risk factors and focus on the families and environment.