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MENA

Islam-submission to god, inner peace

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Muslim-someones who follows the religion of islam

Iman- Faith (faithful to god)

Imam- Prayer leader, leader within the muslim community

Qur’an- that which is read or recited

Muhammad- last prophet of islam

Tawhid- belief in the oneness of god, the idea that god is one

Taqwa- devotion on love towards god

Pillars of Faith:

  1. Faith in: God (Allah),
  2. his prophets,
  3. his revelations (what he sent to the prophets),
  4. his angels(2 angels),
  5. the last day,
  6. divine will (its good and bad)

Pillars of islamic practice:

“Islam is built on five”

  1. Shahadah – testimony (testify or believe that there’s no god but allah and mohammed is the messenger of allah)
  2. Salat – prayer (5 daily prayer at specific times)
  3. Zakat – alms (giving to the poor each year 2 ½%)
  4. Sawm – fasting (not eating from dawn till sunset)
  5. Hajj – Pilgrimage to mecca (once in their life time)

The Islamic Calendar:

  • Also known as the hijri calendar
    • Prophet Muhammad’s journey from Mecca to Medina
    • Starts later
  • Lunar Calendar (Months are based on moon changes)
    • Result: Dates move up about 11 days each year

Two Major Muslim Holidays:

  • Eid al-Fitr (End of Ramadan, first day of shawwal)
    • Festival of breaking fast
    • Marks the end of Ramadan
  • Eid Al-adha (End of islamic calendar)
    • Festival of sacrifice
    • Marks end of Hajj
  • Celebrations
    • God, family, community, fun (Eid Mubarack!)

Popular Islamic Expressions

Assalm ‘alaykum: peace be upon you

Wa ‘alaykum assalam : and upon you peace.

Bismillah: In the name of God

Al-hamdu Lillah: All praise belongs to God

In sha’ Allah: If God wills

Masha’Allah: What God wills

Allahu Akbar: God is greatest

Pre-Islamic Arabia

Hijaz: West coast of the Arabian Peninsula

Quraysh:

  • Leading tribe
  • Mecca
  • Tribe of Muhammed

Ka’aba:

  • Believed by muslims to be buily by Abraham and Ishmael.
  • By the 6th century CE it was used as a house of idol worship.
  • Quraysh were custodians; gained much wealth

Message: there is only one god that there are multiple gods or idols, mohammed is the messenger of god

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