Renaissance & Reformation reading questions

Begin your study of this period by reading Chapters 4 and 5 in European History. Next, read this short biography of Martin Luther; be sure to read both pages. After finishing that, click on “Characters” in the toolbar on the left of the page and read the short background on Pope Leo X. Proceed here for a more detailed summary of Luther and his reforms. Further reading (follow each link and read through the entire page):The Reformation in England The Counter-Reformation The Wars of Religion”The Protestant Reformation: Luther and Calvin” –you can scroll down to the section on Calvin”The Impact of Luther and the Radical Reformation”     “The English Civil War” 17.3 – Luther Starts The ReformationView more presentations from Dan Ewert  

Complete these questions after reading through the links provided.


Create a word processing document titled “Renaissance & Reformation.” Copy the following questions to your document and answer in complete paragraphs (5 to 7 sentences). 

Be sure your answers are in your own words and not just copied from the reading.

  1. Identify and give examples of 3 defining characteristics of the Renaissance.
  2. Explain, in your own words, the philosophy of humanism.
  3. What role did Gutenburg play in both the Renaissance and the Reformation?
  4. How did Renaissance ideas influence Shakespeare’s plays?
  5. Who was Erasmus and how did he lay the groundwork for Luther?
  6. What led to Luther’s break with the Catholic Church?
  7. What was the response to Luther’s teachings by the poor? by the church?
  8. Explain the role of Henry VIII in the Reformation.
  9. Why did the Protestants and Reformed Catholics place so much value in education?
  10. Identify and explain the significance of:
  • Council of Trent
  • Society of Jesus
  • Treaty of Westphalia
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