Answer the questions and terms of all enclosed word or PDF documents. Using Sociology of Sports Terminology.

Answer the questions and terms of all enclosed word or PDF documents. Using Sociology of Sports Terminology.


Text book is : Social Issues In Sport   Ronald B Woods  2nd Edition 2011

ISBN-10: 0-7360-8982-9


ISBN-13: 978-0-7360-8982-9

Website to assist.


Issues in Sport  (Second Edition) by  Ronald B. Woods.   ISBN 0-7360-5872-9

Functionalist theoretical perspective

Conflict theoretical perspective

Critical theoretical perspective

Interactionist theories




minority group

dominant group



Ideological sexism

Institutional sexism

Feminist theoretical perspective

social class

social stratification

economic capital

social capital

cultural capital


ADA – Americans with Disabilities Act 


masters athletes


deviance – is the recognized violation of cultural norms.  Deviance is universal.  It exists in all societies.  Deviance is variable.  Any act or person can be lableled deviant.  Deviance is political.  Norms (including laws) reflect the interests of powerful members of society.

deviant –

Social foundations of deviance:  Deviance is shaped by society.  Deviance varies according to cultural norms and norms change.  People become deviant as others define them that way.  We all violate norms at one time or another; what matters is how others perceive, define and respond to it.  How societies set norms and how they define rule breaking both involve social power.

Functions of deviance – 4 essential functions.  1.  Affirms cultural values and norms. 2.  Responding to deviance clarifies moral boundaries.  3.  Responding to deviance brings people together, 4.  Deviance encourages social change.



violence in sport

on-field violence in sport

off-field violence

PEDS – Performance enhancing drugs

prescription drugs and over the counter drugs


anabolic steroids

doping (defined on page 332)

eating disorders:  anorexia nervosa, bulimia

compulsive exercise




Potential Essay Questions for the Midterm – Soc 208/pE208 winter 2013

1. How do sports activities, athletes, and athletic competitions mirror the values
of American society?

2. Do you think athletes should be “heroes” in modern-day societies? What do
think are the characteristics of a hero?

3. How does the socialization process help a person learn about spofts and
sports participation? Give some examples, based upon the role which the
following agents play: parents, peers, the school, the community, and the

4. What are some of the reasons parents encourage their children to participate
in spofts? What do you think are positive reasons and what are negative

5. Do you think that sports “builds character”? What does this phrase mean to
you, and how can it be applied to youth sports in particular?

6. In what ways are spotts a part of the entertainment business? Why does
ESPN place the word “enteltainment” before the word “spolts” in its title? Do
you think this is significant? Why or why not.

7. Why is the connection between sports and the mass media so important?
What are some of the positive and some of the negative aspects of this
connection, in your view?

February 5,2Ot3

Page 110

Discussion questions

. What is character?

. Does sport build character?

Two Types of Character to consider:

L. Social character= Teamwork, loyalty, work ethic, and

2. Moral character: Honesty, fairness, integrity, and

Where do you think individual-sport athletes, team-sport
athletes, and nonathletes rank in each of these two

Describe the differences and why these differences exist.

How do you know?

Answer the following questions

· How race and ethnicity are defined. 

· How sport is both a positive and negative force for promoting racial and ethnic equality in society.

· Discuss the history of women’s participation in sport before the 1850’s.  What were the barriers?

· How Title IX affected women’s sport participation. 

· How increased sport participation by females has affected contemporary society.

· How does social class affect access or present barriers to participation in sport?

· Identify the different social classes in the U.S. and typical characteristics of each class.  Discuss the opportunities for social mobility through sport.

· Develop a list of the three major legislative acts that were passed to protect the civil rights of minorities, women, and the physically or mentally disabled.  Include the dates these laws were passed and discuss the impact of these laws on sports participation (for athletes and other participants).

· Describe the interrelationships between sport and religion.

· How do athletes, coaches, sport organizations and institutions use religion in sport?

· Describe some areas of conflict between religion and sport.

· Identify issues related to the use of performance enhancing drugs in sport.  How does doping impact athletes and fans of major league sports such as football, baseball, basketball or hockey?

· Violence is highly visible in American sport.  Discuss violence on the field and off the field and how violence can be reduced in the future.

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Sociology 208lPE 2Og
Tuesday, February 19, 2013

Discussion Question

Although many barriers have falten, name at teast three barriers that remain in
achieving equality forwomen in the sport world.

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