Assignment 2: LASA 2—IT Strategic Planning

Using a company of your choice, determine the strategic business goals. Develop an IT strategy that aligns to the business goals. You can use the balanced scorecard approach or you can develop your own method for defining and aligning the IT strategy to the business strategy. You will need to cite at least two credible sources that will provide justification for your strategy or approach.

Finding a company: If you are employed, it is best for you to use your current place of employment so you can practically apply the concepts in this assignment. Alternatively, you can use a nonprofit organization or any other organization you may have ties or access to.

Your IT strategy should include:

  • Business Goals and ObjectivesList at least two or three specific business goals for the next year or two with an explanation of the business’ rationale for the goal.List an objective for each business goal to explain what the company needs to do to achieve the goal.
  • IT Strategies aligned with business goals and objectivesList one or two IT strategies for each business goalThese should be recommended strategies that would enable the business goals and objectives to be achieved.If your company already has IT strategies, you may provide an analysis and justification or new recommendation for each of the strategies
  • Organizational StructureDescribe the structure of the organization including:Organizational designOrganizational cultureLeadership factors (the types of leadership displayed within the company)Business processesPhysical layout (i.e., how many offices, virtual offices, international locations)
  • IT InfrastructureDescribe the current IT infrastructure including:HardwareSoftwareNetworkIT resourcesThis should be a high-level overview
  • IT ChallengesDescribe internal and external challenges IT faces in meeting the business needsInclude social and/or ethical considerations
  • RisksDescribe risks IT might face when implementing change

As you develop your strategy, you may want to consider the following:

  • An effective IT strategy will enable the business operations, helping business leaders achieve business goals more efficiently and effectively.
  • Focus on top priorities. Take the time to understand organizational issues, how they are related, and how they affect performance. Determine what will happen if nothing changes and where IT can have the greatest, positive impact.
  • Identify how IT supports business processes. The business is relying on their capabilities to achieve the business goals. The IT strategy should include a plan for supporting those business capabilities, creating efficiencies, and competitive advantage for the business.
  • Define IT priorities and governance for IT. Without priorities and a process for IT governance in place, progress will be slowed. An agreed upon plan for governing IT will enable the decision process.

Understand the challenges. Improving processes and increasing efficiencies through IT implementation also requires behavioral and sometimes organizational change. With these changes come inherent challenges. Understanding and planning for those challenges will increase the chance of success in meeting the business goals.

 Write an 10-12 -page paper in Word format. Apply APA standards to citation of sources. Use the following file naming convention: LastnameFirstInitial_M6_A2 . 

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Assignment 2 Grading Criteria Maximum Points

List specific business goals (minimum 2–3) for the next year or two.

For each goal: explain the rationale of the goal, provide one objective, and explain what the company needs to do to achieve that goal.

Explain how the IT strategies will provide a competitive advantage for the business.
Align the IT strategies with business goals and objectives and provide a justification of how those strategies support business goals.

Describe the structure of the organization including:Organizational designOrganizational cultureLeadership factorsBusiness processesPhysical layout

Describe the current IT infrastructure. This should include hardware, software, network, and IT resources.
Describe internal and external challenges IT faces in meeting the business needs.
Describe risks IT might face when implementing change, including any ethical and/or social issues brought about by the implementation of the new system.
Ensure academic writing, such as grammar, spelling, and attribution of sources, is appropriate.
Total: 300


B6111 LASA 2—IT Strategic Planning Rubric

NOTE: If a component is absent, student receives a zero for that component.

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Assignment Component

Unsatisfactory

70 – 77%

(C- to C)

Emerging

78 – 82%

(C+ to B-)

Proficient

83 – 89%

(B to B+)

Exemplary

90 – 100 %

(A- to A)

Score

List specific business goals (minimum 2–3) for the next year or two.

For each goal: explain the rationale of the goal, provide one objective, and explain what the company needs to do to achieve that goal.

Course Objectives (CO) 3

Program Outcomes (PO) 1.1, 1.2, 2.2, 2.3, 4.1

Goals listed are incomplete, inappropriate, or severely underdeveloped. Minimum number of goals is not met.

Rationales are inappropriate or unreasonable for most goals. Objectives and plans to achieve goals are severely underdeveloped or unreasonable.

Goals listed are generally appropriate but are either unclear or too vague. Minimum number of goals is present.

Rationales are generally appropriate and attainable for each goal, but specifics are missing. Objectives and plans to achieve goals are a bit unclear or somewhat unreasonable.

Goals listed are clear, appropriate, and meet the required minimum.

Rationales are clear, appropriate, and reasonable for each goal. Objectives and plans to achieve goals are clear, appropriate, and reasonable.

Goals listed are clear, appropriate, insightful, and meet the required minimum.

Rationales are clear, insightful, appropriate, and reasonable for each goal. Objectives and plans to achieve goals are clear, insightful, appropriate, and reasonable.

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Explain how the IT strategies will provide a competitive advantage for the business.

CO1

PO 1.2, 2.1

Explanation of how IT strategies will provide competitive advantage for business is inappropriate. Too few details or research are provided or they are unsupportive.

Explanation of how IT strategies will provide a competitive advantage for the business is somewhat unclear or incomplete. Details and research are provided but how they support ideas is unclear.

Strategies describe benefits, but how they relate to the organization is unclear.

Explanation of how the IT strategies will provide a competitive advantage for the business is clear and appropriate. Specific details and research are used to support ideas.

Strategies describe how the organization will benefit, but description is vague.

Explanation of how IT strategies will provide a competitive advantage for the business is insightful and appropriate. Specific details and research are integrated to support ideas.

Strategies describe how the organization will increase revenue, lower cost, increase quality, speed, or efficiency, or some other tangible benefit.

Align the IT strategies with business goals and objectives and provide a justification of how those strategies support business goals.

CO1,4

PO 1.2, 2.1, 2.2, 2.3

Alignment of IT strategies with business goals and objectives is unreasonable or severely lacking development. Justification of how those strategies support business goals is unsupportive or inaccurate.

Alignment of IT strategies with business goals and objectives is somewhat incomplete or unclear. Justification of how those strategies support business goals is somewhat unclear or incomplete. Example and evidence is present but how they support ideas is unclear.

Alignment of IT strategies with business goals and objectives is reasonable and clear. Justification of how those strategies support business goals is clear and provides both examples and evidence to support ideas.

Alignment of IT strategies with business goals and objectives is insightful. Justification of how those strategies support business goals is insightful and integrates both examples and evidence to support ideas.

Describe the structure of the organization including:

Organizational design

Organizational culture

Leadership factors

Business processes

Physical layout

CO4

PO 1.1, 2.1, 2.2, 2.3

Organizational structure description is severely incomplete or inaccurate. Description includes explanation of the interaction of IT systems and information, but it is inaccurate.

Organizational culture describes what guides organizational behaviors and how they impact performance, but description is incomplete. Leadership assessment describes leadership style and composition, but is incomplete.

Business processes are identified, but are not key or are not complete.

Organizational structure describes work assignments, but is missing specific information about what is needed to complete it. Description includes explanation of the interaction of IT systems and information, but it is severely incomplete.

Organizational culture describes what guides organizational behaviors and how they impact performance, but description is incomplete. Leadership assessment describes leadership style and composition, but is incomplete.

Key business processes are vaguely identified.

Organizational structure describes what is needed to complete work assignments. Description includes broad explanation of the interaction of IT systems and information flow, but is lacking specifics.

Organizational culture describes what guides organizational behaviors and how they impact performance, but description is not specific. Leadership assessment describes leadership style and composition.

Key business processes are identified, but not evaluated.

Organizational structure describes the key roles, responsibilities, decision-making authority, and expertise required to complete work assignments. Description includes summary of how structure interacts with IT systems to facilitate or block information flow across structural boundaries.

Organizational culture describes the unwritten rules and norms that guide organizational behaviors, and how these behaviors impact (positively or negatively) organizational performance.

Leadership assessment describes how leadership style and composition impacts organizational performance.

Key business processes are identified and evaluated in terms of organizational performance.

Describe the current IT infrastructure. This should include hardware, software, network, and IT resources.

CO 1

PO 1.2, 2.1

Description of the organization’s IT infrastructure is severely incomplete or inaccurate. Too many necessary components are present.

Description of the organization’s IT infrastructure is somewhat incomplete, although accurate. Most of the necessary components are present and clearly described.

Description of the organization’s IT infrastructure is clear and complete. All necessary components are present and thorough described.

Description of the organization’s IT infrastructure is insightful and thorough. All necessary components are present and thoroughly described.

Describe internal and external challenges IT faces in meeting the business needs.

CO 2

PO 1.2, 2.1, 2.2, 2.3, 3.3, 4.2

Challenges described are inappropriate for the organization and business needs. Internal and external challenges are present, but one or both may be inaccurate. Explanation is inaccurate and lacking details for support.

Challenges described are somewhat unclear, but appropriate for the organization and business needs. Both internal and external challenges are present, although may not be balanced. Explanation is incomplete and details are unclear.

Challenges described are clear and appropriate for the organization and the business needs. Both internal and external challenges are present and balanced. Explanation is clear and complete. Specific details are used to support ideas.

Challenges described are insightful, precise, and appropriate for the organization and the business needs. Both internal and external challenges are present and balanced. Explanation is insightful and comprehensive. Specific details are integrated to support ideas.

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Describe risks IT might face when implementing change, including any ethical and/or social issues brought about by the implementation of the new system.

CO 5

PO 4.1, 4.2, 4.3

Risks identified are inappropriate for implementation. Ethical and/or social issues brought about by the implementation are discussed but inappropriate for the situation or implementation.

Risks of IT implementation are not thoroughly assessed.

Cultural risks are not thoroughly assessed.

Risks identified are appropriate and clearly explained, although a few facets of implementation are missing. Ethical and/or social issues brought about by the implementation are discussed and appropriate, but are missing depth.

Risks of IT implementation are assessed, but not directly in terms of organizational structure.

Cultural risks are assessed, but directly in terms of organizational behavior.

Risks are clearly identified, are reasonable, and represent all facets of implementation. Ethical and/or social issues brought about by the implementation are highlighted and are appropriate for the situation.

Risks of IT implementation are assessed in terms of organizational structure. However, assessment is broad and does not address all the necessary specifics.

Cultural risks are assessed in broad terms of organizational behavior.

Risks identified are insightful, reasonable, clearly explained and represent all facets of implementation. Ethical and/or social issues brought about by the implementation are highlighted and are astute for the situation.

Risks of IT implementation are assessed in terms of being fit with current organizational structure, including any conflicts with current roles, responsibilities, decision-making authority, and skills/expertise required to perform assigned work.

Cultural risks are assessed in terms of contradicting established organizational behaviors or requiring new behaviors to adopt the new system.

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Ensure academic writing, such as grammar, spelling, and attribution of sources, is appropriate.

Writing is unclear and disorganized and rereading to solidify understanding is frequently necessary. Although an attempt at ethical scholarship is attempted, it is sloppy or incomplete throughout. Spelling, grammar, or punctuation errors severely interfere with readers’ comprehension.

Writing is somewhat clear and is somewhat organized, although rereading to solidify understanding is occasionally necessary. It demonstrates an attempt at ethical scholarship in accurate representation and attribution of sources, but errors are occasional or minor. Writing has good spelling, grammar, and punctuation, but errors somewhat interfere with readers’ comprehension.

Writing is generally clear and in an organized manner. It demonstrates ethical scholarship in accurate representation and attribution of sources; and generally displays accurate spelling, grammar, and punctuation. Errors are few, isolated, and do not interfere with reader’s comprehension.

Writing is clear, concise, and in an organized manner; demonstrates ethical scholarship in accurate representation and attribution of sources; and displays accurate spelling, grammar, and punctuation.

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Total

300

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Managerial Application of Technology

©2012 Argosy University Online Programs

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Managerial Application of Technology
©2012 Argosy University Online Programs

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