Explain the relationship between the yield on callable bonds versus non-callable bonds.
Explain the relationship between the yield on sinking fund bonds versus non-sinking fund bonds.
Explain the relationship between the yield on convertible bonds versus non-convertible bonds.
Discuss the role of repurchase agreements.
Describe the motivation behind the creation of STRIPS.
Evaluate the decision to invest in municipal bonds versus corporate bonds.
Discuss the relationship between bond ratings and corporate bond yields.
Explain the difference between prepayment risk and extension risk.
Identify and describe the advantages and disadvantages of financial intermediaries securitizing mortgages?
Explain negative convexity.
How does prepayment risk affect the value of an Interest-only tranche in a CMO?
How does prepayment risk affect the value of a Principal-only tranche in a CMO?
Explain how an MBS differs from a CMO.
Determine the cash flows associated with refinancing a mortgage.
Why do mortgage lenders prefer ARMs while many borrowers prefer fixed-rate mortgages, ceteris paribus?
Discuss how GSEs (e.g., Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac) have assisted the mortgage markets?
Define a “Non-bank” bank
Describe non-interest income activities of commercial banks.
Discuss the components of the CAMELS Rating system
Determine the components of ROE and ROA.
What are the differences between purchased funds and core deposits?
What is the difference between net charge-offs and the provision for loan loss?
Determine and discuss Net Interest Margin, Asset Utilization, and Overhead Efficiency.
Why do P&C insurers place a large percentage of their investments in bonds and maintain large surpluses?
Determine the cash flows associated with annuitizing a life insurance policy.
Explain how adverse selection impacts insurance companies.
Explain the difference between product inflation and social inflation.
Describe how long-tail risk affects insurance companies.
Define the combined ratio, expense ratio, loss ratio, operating ratio, and the investment yield.
Explain the difference between term life insurance and whole life insurance
Discuss the primary sources of underwriting risk.