DQ1: Name and briefly describe 5 ethical standards as they apply to research of humans, according to the American Psychological Association
Name and briefly describe 5 ethical standards as they apply to research of humans, according to the American Psychological Association.
The American Association of Psychological (APA) standards on ethics are to be applied as an implementing guideline. If the codes do not particularly deal with a circumstance, said circumstance shall yet be regard as ethical or unethical (APA, 2010). Following are American Association of Psychological (APA) standards which could be applied to human research.
Standard 4 Privacy and Confidentiality – patients will be furnished with data pertaining to their rights of informed consent, since it is relevant to disclosure, rights for the duration and subsequent to research (APA, 2010). Patients’ involvement in research ought to keep on confidential and the entire proceedings must be clarified to them.Standard 5. Advertising and Other Public Statements – members ought not to furnish untruthful documentation of education and professional credentials. Members must prove professional capabilities (APA, 2010). Members must be eligible and skilled in conducting research.Standard 3 Human Relations – members must not discriminate on the basis of culture, religion, race or gender. Every safety measures must be in effect to keep the security of patients, do not take part in any sexual relationships with patients, and prevent relationships that will create conflict of interest (APA, 2010). Patients ought to be taken care of reasonably and civilly.Standard 9 Assessment – test must manifest the study, data collected must be utilized for research purposes only, patients must agree on an informed consent since it involve test process, and outcome APA, 2010). Patients’ involvements and conclusions in research must be restricted.Standard 6 Record Keeping and Fees – the creating, preserving, giving particulars of, and transferring of records must hold up the standards of confidentiality (APA, 2010). Proceedings involving data on patients must be accessible only to members partaking in research.
ReferenceAmerican Psychological Association. (2010). Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code Conduct. Retrieved from http://www. apa.org/ethics/code.
Wk 4 Discussion Question 2
What are the advantages of professional codes of ethics, if any? What makes them advantages and to whom?What are the disadvantages of professional codes of ethics, if any? What makes them disadvantages and to whom? In taking into consideration on every code of ethics studied accordingly in this lessons I would express, that codes have more benefits than drawbacks. In all the codes I consider informed consent provides the patient and the therapist each benefit. The patients were given every fundamental data, and the therapist has on documentation that the patient was informed. Ethical codes on confidentiality desist from personal relationships on the entire levels, and disclosing of data is mutually beneficial. Patients do not have been bothered concerning disclosure and therapist has guidelines to abide by. I presume it could be comfortable to talk about your patient’s case with your associates and or family members. Nevertheless, patient’s data ought to be valued.
Therapist may sense they are at inconvenience being bounded by ethical codes, which states that they could not become involved with patients after two years or not at all. Those who preferred to be involved ought to disclose and give explanation. I am aware it could be not easy to agree on ethical and unethical relationships later two years. An instance would be going out with a patient whom you meet for anguish therapy perhaps more than a patient whom you meet for unhealthful relationship problem. Who will watch and regulate? Keeping away from conflicts of interest would be one more difficulty for therapist for the reason that conflicts may come soon after in consultation. Our individual assignment taps on this matter. Therapist subsequently has to prevent the instance to happen. Patients might as well become relaxed with therapist however the relationship has to stop.
Wk 4 Discussion Question 31. According to the American Psychological Association, what are our ethical responsibilities to animals? What rights do animals have?2. Based on the above question, what is your opinion on the necessity of having ethical standards for animal research?In reference to Freeman (2000), the American Psychological Association holds ethical guidelines on performing animal study. Psychologists must abide by state and federal laws in the throwing away and mishandling of animal remains; the taking care of animals ought to bet be gentle and good natured; the study laboratory should be hygienic; psychologist ought to be competent in the processes because it involve testing and precautions shall be applied to reduce nervousness like ache and reactions to animal test by which such tests have to do with animals that is enduring torment should only be done at the time mandatory; sedation must be dispensed throughout surgical process; and the judgment to exterminate animals shall be executed in a civilized, humanitarian and gentle way (Freeman, 2000).
I feel it is significant to have ethical standards for animal study. I assume everything relating the exploitation of human being and animals is subject to for unethical conduct. We are inclined to think that professionals will be acting in our optimum concern. I do understand there are different companies that do not sell merchandise experimented on animals. Animal activists are extremely opposed to this too and defend the ethical laws. I am relieved learning that there is federal and state involvement about this matter, considering the manner of testing is exactly conducted in laboratories is not familiar to us.ReferenceFreeman, S.J. (2000). Ethics: An introduction to philosophy and practice. Retrieved from the University of Phoenix eBook Collection database.