Create a 5 pages page paper that discusses emergency management.
Create a 5 pages page paper that discusses emergency management. With the primary role being to coordinate the response to disasters in the US, FEMA also provides the government and states with experts who guide them in various fields. The organization also gives relief funds to property owners in addition to helping them to receive low-interest loans. In order to ensure that property owners take into consideration the safety of the residents, the US government has established building codes. These are set of regulations that are adopted during designing, construction, alteration as well as maintenance of structures. This paper aims at discussing the risk reduction that applies to hazard-resistant building designs and materials.
Buildings in any location are subject to quite a number of phenomena. These include floods, windstorms, and earthquakes among others. Even though the implications of the disasters are not predictable, they can be effectively managed through a proper hazard mitigation plan. There are three major principles that should be followed during the identification, prioritizing, and implementation of the mitigation measures. First, the constructors must employ proactive integrating mitigation during new constructions. This is based on the fact that it is economically viable as compared to retrofitting existing buildings. The second principle is that construction must use all-hazard mitigation. Being the most cost-effective method, this principle requires many applicable hazards are addressed. The third principle requires that high-performance buildings are designed to be part and parcel of the solution. These include the use of leveraging traditional hazard mitigation techniques for example elevation of structures in areas that are prone to floods, the creation of clear zones around the new buildings, and adopting effective strategies to mitigate climate change (Wexler and Richard, 1998). When employing disaster reduction measures, it is proper to consider the issues as discussed in the section below in order to protect properties, lives as well as prevention of operations from destruction by natural disasters.