Complete 5 pages APA formatted article: Erik Erikson Personality Theory.

Complete 5 pages APA formatted article: Erik Erikson Personality Theory. Erickson highlighted that each individual underwent eight different stages of development throughout the entire lifespan. He had the conviction that each of the stages had a form of conflict that needed addressing (Friedman & Schustack, 2010). Individuals who addressed the conflict in each stage successfully were able to resolve the crises in other stages, as they grew older. Notably, Erickson focused on describing how identity formation occurred in the different stages of development.

The first stage that Erickson described was the trust versus mistrust stage. This occurs in children from birth to the age of two. According to Erickson, infants at this stage develop trust I the world depending on how people around the infant responded to his or her needs. For example, if the parents are considerate, and attentive to the needs of the infants, a level of trust is established. On the other hand, failing to give attention to the needs of an infant may cultivate feelings of isolation and abandonment. Consequently, this triggers feelings of mistrust (Carducci, 2006). The level of trust developed by the infant depends on the environmental factors and the response of the caregivers to the needs of the infant. Erickson highlighted that infants who developed mistrust at this stage were unlikely to trust people in the future. They would spend their entire lives assuming that people were not sensitive to their needs and only wanted to exploit them. However, children who develop a sense of trust at this stage have more chances of resolving the crises in other stages. The second stage is autonomy versus shame (Friedman & Schustack, 2010). This occurs in children between the ages of two and four. At this stage, a young child begins to use all the senses and develop a form of autonomy. In their bid to express autonomy, children may face barriers from parents or other adults. This causes them to experience a sense of shame. On the other hand,&nbsp.allowing a child to explore different feelings and understand the limits of autonomy may help them to handle the crisis positively. During this stage, children may express feelings such as anger or jealousy when denied the room to be autonomous.

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