Complete 5 pages APA formatted article: Dispositional vs Psychodynamic
Complete 5 pages APA formatted article: Dispositional vs Psychodynamic. He believed that unconscious forces are stemmed from early childhood experiences that shape a person’s behavior, attitude, and emotional state. Freud designed the psychoanalytic procedures for investigating those repressed emotions and urges that were inaccessible through other psychological procedures.
The dispositional theoretical approach towards understanding personality revolves around the definition of the term personality in a different way. It is considered a psychophysical organization within a person that shapes a person’s thoughts and behaviors. It holds an optimistic view about human nature in the sense that healthy people are consciously motivated and they interact realistically with the environment. Gordon Allport is considered the founding theorist of the dispositional approach towards psychology.
A study by Daryl and Andrea (1974) reveals interesting facts about predicting human behavior. They conducted the study in their search for cross-situational consistencies. It is believed that nomothetic assumptions about traditional research paradigm are wrong (Daryl and Andrea, 1974). Further, it is believed that by adopting some ideographic exemptions a higher cross-situational correlation coefficient can be observed. A study of 64 undergraduates showed that it is possible to tell the individuals with cross-situationally consistent behavior and those that do not. The conclusion suggests that personality assessment must attend to situations (Daryl and Andrea, 1974).
On a similar note, a study by Reeder and Brewer (1979) discussed the schematic model of dispositional attribution. It is argued that previous research on dispositional attribution failed to consider how the process of inference is affected by several schematic representations of attributes of disposition. In this regard, three broad schemata. hierarchically restrictive schema, partially restrictive schema, and the fully restrictive, play a crucial role (Reeder & Brewer, 1979). Each offers distinct implications for inferring behavioral attributions. .
A formal behavioral model that dissects the attribution of personal dispositions into dispositional interference and identification processes. The formal model assumes that identification processes are symbolic of incoming stimulus information regarding attribution relevant categories. .