1-Start your critical reflection paper with a question regarding to Islamic study
I M AG I N I N G I S L A M 2 Friday, S ep 24, 2021 M U H A M M A D ’ S N I G H T J O U R N E Y A N D A S C E N T I N T O H E A V E N • Near the holy Ka’ba • Gabriel • Buraq • Jerusalem • Meeting with other prophets • Isra ’: journey / mi’raj :ascent T H E E S T A B L I S H M E N T O F M U H A M M A D ’ S R O L E I N I S L A M • Prophet or a poet • Muhammad is a prophet: nabi • Muhammad is an Apostle/messenger:
rasul • *All rasuls are nabis , but the reverse is not the case. • He came to transmit the old true message anew and stablished through a universal community ( umma ) T H E Q U R ‘ A N ‘ S D I V I N E M E S S A G E • The main task of Muhammad and the Qur’an is to restore the primordial monotheistic religion of Abraham. • Islam: religion/ islam : surrender to God • The Qur’an restored the purity of the original message from God. • The Qur’an moved from simple and dramatic warning of the Judgment to stories of earlier prophets. The Qur’an as the last divine massage to descent.
Clear Arabic tongue: No excuse for missing the point of God’s warning and judging. T H E Q U R ’ A N A N D T H E O T H E R H O L LY B O O K S • The Qur’an moved from simple and dramatic warnings of the judgment to stories of earlier prophets, mostly from the biblical tradition. • where the Biblical narrative affects a sense of immediacy and drama, the Qur’an recites, or often simply refers to, the same stories, in a deliberately didactic manner. In the Qur’an, the Prophet Muhammad reminded of events which transpired in the past and which are not only history, but hierohistory . • Whereas the Biblical heroes are human and fallible, they are represented in the Qur’an as staid models of wisdom, piety and trust in God. • The Patriarchs, Moses and the prophets are significant in the Qur’an purely for the moral lessons they teach Muslims. • The Qur’an has effected a significant change in the Biblical legacy, treating individual persons and events as universal types and symbols. • In this manner, the Qur’an expresses a piety and apologetic approach to the Bible similar to the Jewish and Christian post -Biblical traditions.’ The moral ambiguities which surround the Biblical tales of sibling rivalry and the relations between fathers and sons are absent in the Qur’an. • T he clear and uncompromising command of Allah now directs human behavior. • Allah is not the star player in a human drama, as is the Biblical God. He is above it all now as director and playwright, inserting His comments into the very center of the Script He has written for all people, but particularly for the Arabs. Individual persons diminish in significance before Him , and serve primarily as examples from whom others may benefit.
the literary gem of the Qur’an , its “most beautiful of stories”, that of Joseph, is not free of pious asides and admonitions, parenthetical remarks of a sort which distance the reader from the action described.
The Qur’an has effected a significant change in the Biblical legacy, treating individual persons and events as universal types and symbols.